FWD [U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service lists Short-tailed Albatross asendangered]

Mike Patterson celata at pacifier.com
Wed Aug 2 08:34:48 PDT 2000

Ellen Paul wrote:
> For those interested in seabirds and/or endangered species.
> --
> Ellen Paul
> Executive Director
> The Ornithological Council
> Mailto:epaul at dclink.com
> Ornithological Council Website:  http://www.nmnh.si.edu/BIRDNET
> "Providing Scientific Information about Birds"
> Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Rule To List
> the Short-Tailed Albatross as Endangered in the United States
> AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.
> ACTION: Final rule.
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------
> SUMMARY: Under the authority of the Endangered Species Act (Act) of
> 1973, as amended, we, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service),
> extend endangered status for the short-tailed albatross (Phoebastria
> albatrus) to include the species' range within the United States. As a
> result of an administrative error in the original listing, the short-
> tailed albatross is currently listed as endangered throughout its range
> except in the United States. Short-tailed albatrosses
> range throughout the North Pacific Ocean and north into the Bering Sea
> during the nonbreeding season; breeding colonies are limited to two
> Japanese islands, Torishima and Minami-kojima. Originally numbering in
> the millions, the current worldwide population of breeding age birds is
> approximately 600 individuals and the worldwide total population is
> approximately 1,200 individuals. There are no breeding populations of
> short-tailed albatrosses in the United States, but several individuals
> have been regularly observed during the breeding season on Midway Atoll
> in the northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Current threats to the species
> include destruction of breeding habitat by volcanic eruption or mud or
> land slides caused by monsoon rains, and demographic or genetic
> vulnerability due to low population size and limited breeding
> distribution. Longline fisheries, plastics ingestion, contaminants, and
> airplane strikes may also be factors affecting the species'
> conservation. This rule implements the Federal protection and recovery
> provisions provided by the Act for individuals when they occur in the
> United States.
> DATES: This rule is effective August 30, 2000.

Mike Patterson               Alas, to wear the mantle of Galileo,
Astoria, OR                  it is not enough to be persecuted    
celata at pacifier.com            by an unkind establishment,
                             you must also be right. 
                                                     ---Robert Park

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